FEG carried out research and analysis for Save the Children to answer questions about the effect of poverty on children in its programme areas, and, specifically, to what extent minimum standards of wellbeing are affordable to the poor.
The study designed a process to calculate the minimum expenditure required for households to meet sector standards of well-being in health, water, shelter, education, clothing, agriculture, and food. It used accepted international and national standards to guide which items, and how much of each, should go into the Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB) for each sector. Once calculated, the Minimum Expenditure Baskets constitute a poverty threshold that is higher than the survival minimum, and which can be used for development planning, because it takes into account the well-being and dignity of a household as well as its economic and physical health. The approach was designed and tested using data collected from two rural agro-pastoral livelihood zones in Niger and Senegal. The results can be incorporated in HEA scenario and resilience analysis.
This study by FEG was commissioned by Save the Children International, with funding from ECHO through the HEA Sahel Project. It was a response to a global review of HEA that recommended a deeper analysis of how household level spending affected children’s welfare. Download the full report here.